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Clarkson, Thomas,The History of the Rise, Progress and Accomplishment of the Abolition of the African Slave Trade London 1808

Clarkson. T, Essay on Impolicy of the African Slave Trade, 1788

Dow, George Francis, Slave ships and slaving, 1927, Westport, Conn.: Negro Universities Press, 1970.

Hair, P. E. H. and J. D. Alsop, ENGLISH SEAMEN AND TRADERS IN GUINEA 1553-1565, The New Evidence of Their Wills.

Uden, G and R. Cooper, Dictionary of British Ships and Seamen