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Carneiro, Edison. O quilombo dos Palmares 1630-1695. 1st ed. São Paulo: Brasiliense, 1947. 2nd ed. São Paulo: Brasiliense, 1958.

Freitas, Décio. Palmares, a guerra dos escravos. 5th ed. Rio de Janeiro: Graal, 1982.

Irving, T. B. KING ZUMBI AND THE MALE MOVEMENT IN BRAZIL: RESEARCH NOTES. American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences 1992 9 (3): 397-409.

James, C. L. R, The Black Jacobins (see The Haitian Revolution Revisited, above)

Kent, R. K. "Palmares: An African State in Brazil." In Maroon Societies: Rebel Slave Communities in the Americas. Ed. Richard Price. 1st ed. Garden City, NY: Anchor-Doubleday, 1973. 2nd ed. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP, 1979. 170-90.

Santos, Joel Rufino dos. Zumbi. São Paulo: Moderna, 1988.

Schwarz, SB, Resistance and accommodation in 18c Brazil. The slaves view of slavery Hispanic American Historical Review Durham NC Duke U Press

Schwarz, S B, The "Macambo" slave resistance in colonial Brazil Journal of Social History Pittsburgh PA Carnegie Mellon 1970

Stedman, J G, Narrative Of A Five Year Expedition Against The Revolted Negroes Of Surinam 1772 7 2 Vols 1796