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Inikori, J.E. Forced migration: the impact of the export slave trade on African societies. Hutchinson university library. Hutchinson university library for Africa. London: Hutchinson, 1982.

Inikori, J. E. The chaining of a continent: export demand for captives and the history of Africa south of the Sahara, 1450-1870. Mona, Jamaica: Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of the West Indies, c1992.

Rath, Richard Cullen,  "African Music in Seventeenth Century Jamaica:  Cultural Transit and Transition,"  _William and Mary Quarterly_ 3rd series, 50/4 (1993): 700-26.

Rodney, Walter. West Africa and the Atlantic slave-trade. Historical Association of Tanzania. Paper; no. 2. Nairobi, Published for the Historical Association of Tanzania by the East African Pub. House, 1967.

Toplin, Robert Brent, Slavery and Race relations

Toplin, Robert Brent, 1940 Freedom and prejudice .. the legacy of slavery in the United States and Brazil Westport, Conn. : Greenwood Press, c1981.

Valladares, Clarival Do Prado (ed) The Impact of African Culture on Brazil, Rio de Janeiro 1977


 "Oro Negro", an Afro Chilean Organization

 Africans in Chile:

African Diaspora
How African slaves held on to native rituals, language, and religions despite their capture, manipulation, and forced exodus.  

African Diaspora Research Project - Michigan State
Program studies how cultural and political actions of dispersed Africans were "expressions of consciousness, identity, and survival.