Pharmacopoeia, PORSPI/TTC/CSIR 1992
Gledhill, D, West African Trees, Longman, 1972
Hawthorne, W, Field Guide to the Forest Trees of Ghana, NRI/ODA.
Serle, W, G.J. Morel, W. Hartwig, A Field Guide to the Birds of West Africa, Collins, 1977
SACRED LEAVES OF Candomblé. African magic, medicine
and religion in Brazil. By Robert A. Voeks. 236pp. Austin: University of Texas
Press. $37.50 (paperback, $17.95). - 0 292 78730 8.
Voeks describes how, while their masters were introducing temperate agrosystems to the tropical environment, Brazilian slaves were discovering analogues to the flora they had left behind in West Africa. In fact, the natural environment of Bahia, linked geographically to West Africa in former times as part of the supercontinent Gondwana, is not far removed from that of Nigeria and Benin (formerly Dahomey). Some of the key ingredients of traditional West African medicine (and cuisine), such as dende palm oil, were easily introduced and cultivated in the New World. For others, such as the sacred iroko tree, Afro-Brazilians found botanically related substitutes.
John Ryle, Times Literary Supplement July 31 1998Park, Mungo Travels in the Interior of Africa 1799
The baobab tree:
The shea-nut tree