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Thomas, A New General Collection of Voyages and Travels, Vol II, London,
1745 Chap. VII SECT VI The Diseases,
Remedies, Deaths and Burials of the Negros 1 Their
Diseases, Physicians and Remedies
unwholsome the Country is to Europeans, the natives are troubled with
. . . the too common use of punch, so much in vogue with the
English Guineans, which undoubtedly carries many off. . .
. . . the chief medicines here in use, are first, and above all,
lemon, or lime juice; malghetta, or grana paradisi, or cardamoms; the
roots, branches and gums of trees; about thirty several sorts of green
herbs, impregnated with an extraordinary sanative virtue. . . there are
amongst the negros both doctors and surgeons, who, without learning or
degrees, perform cures . . . disguising them so, whenever they apply
them to the whites, that it is impossible to discover what they are.
Mrs. R. (Mrs. T. Edward Bowdich), Stories of Strange Lands, London, 1835
The progress of fever in these countries is, generally speaking,
frightfully rapid; there is no time to wait for the morrow before we
venture to apply strong remedies; for, after a. few returns of the
disorder, torpor closes the scene. The intervals are generally employed
to advantage by throwing in quinine, that the patient may be
strengthened for the succeeding fit.
Roy, English Society in the Eighteenth Century, Penguin, 1982
. . . medicine disarmed smallpox through
innoculation and vaccination before the century was out. But fevers . .
. typhus, dysentery, measles, influenza - rampaged unchecked in epidemic
waves, shattering the flimsy defences of the medical pharmacopoeia.
30 There were no anaesthetics and
alcohol was the best pain-killer.
294 In the absence of dramatic medical
breakthroughs, old wives' herbal medical wisdom survived - dung tea,
crabs' eyes, vipers' flesh, stewed owl, the eyes of a pike as a specific
295 . . . when sick, the wealthy hesitated
whether to trust the physician or to try folk or quack remedies. . . .
302 . . . Cook showed how citrus fruits held
scurvy at bay on trans-oceanic voyages
James, Diseases of Hot Climates - five editions 1768 -1808
David, Spirits of the Bush: a note on personal religion among the Konkomba,
Universitas VI Dec 1953 (Konkomba approaches to mental health)
Robert, The Fireside Book of Deadly Diseases, Robert Hale, London, 1994