ATTITUDES TO SLAVERY
NEW in 2004. Akosua Adoma
Perbi, A History of Indigenous Slavery in Ghana from the 15th to the 19th
Century (ISBN 9988-550-32-4), Sub-Saharan Publishers, P O Box 358, Accra,
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- Manning, Patrick, Slavery
and African Life, Cambridge, 1990
5: The economics and morality of slave supply.
86 Why did Africans supply slaves for sale,
either on domestic or intercontinental markets? . . . .I will discuss
the limits of African knowledge, the constraints of social institutions,
the pressures of economic logic and the dilemmas of African moral
87 Africans . . . did not then accept the notion
of a common African identity . . . there existed no possible realistic
basis for . . . a vision of African unity in the early days of the slave
88 the only principles on which Africans opposed
slavery were narrow self-interest of a family, ethnic group, or state.
91 the captive was desocialized, depersonalized,
degendered and decivilized upon capture. . . He or she was held within a
family group, but had no rights: slaves became and remained the other.
92 Trade in slaves . . . required the support and
protection of political authorities. . . . in Asante .
. ., the kings exercised rights and responsibilities over all slaves,
but they did not own all the slaves within their realms.
100 On the one hand the slave trade served the
interests of an elite. The slave-trading elite grasped the best
cloths and liquor, the most prestigious luxury goods, and most of the
firearms. . . . On the other hand, the slave trade involved all
levels of society.
101 African complicity in the slave trade
systematically reinforced the primacy of narrow self-interest and of
short-term economic calculations.
102 . . . slave raiders, slave merchants, and
slave owners devised ways to distance themselves from the fact that they
were dealing in bodies for cash. . . . it is impossible to explain
African slavery without emphasis on the role of money.
107 enslavement can be seen as a disease which,
once launched on its course, might continue to spread even after the
prices of slaves had declined to the point where it became unprofitable.
109 In the wake of imperialistic condemnation of
slavery and of African life generally, the memory of African sacrifice
to the evolving Atlantic economy was lost. That memory was a casualty of
colonization. It was lost not only to the European colonizers and to
inhabitants of the New World, but to many of the colonized in Africa.
Chapter 6: Patterns of Slave Life
124 . . . slavery was corruption: it involved
theft, bribery, and exercise of brute force as well as ruses.
Slavery may thus be seen as one source of precolonial origins for
modern corruption. The whole story of corruption involves weaving
together flaws inherent in African society, the influence of the slave
trade, the influence of colonial rule, and the pressures of the
Gareth, Human Pawning in Asante, 1800-1920, Markets and Coercion, Gender and
Cocoa, (in Toyin, Fabola and Lovejoy, Paul E., Pawnship in Africa, Westville
D., Slavery and the Slave Trade in the Context of West African History, Jour Afr
Hist X 3 1969 393-404
Asante and Its Neighbours, 1700-1807, Longman 1971
Oral Traditions of Fante States No. 4 Edina (Elmina)
The Reign and Times of Kusi Obodum 1750-64 Trans Hist Soc of Ghana
The Structure of Greater Asante - Another View JHSG XV(1) 1974
William, A Voyage to Africa, London 1821
Norman, West African Unfree Labor Before and After the Rise of the Atlantic
The Two Asantes: Competing Interpretations of Slavery in Akan-Asante Culture and
Paul (ed), The Ideology of Slavery in Africa, Beverly Hills 1981
Paul, African Transformation in Slavery, A history of slavery in Africa CUP 1983
Metcalf, G A, Microcosm of why Africans sold slaves: Akan, consumption patterns
in the 1770s. Jour Afr. History Vol 28 no 3 1987 pp 377-394
Suzanne and Igor Kopytoff (eds), Slavery in Africa, Madison Wisconsin 1977
Heinemann and J E Inikori, Africa in World History: the export slave trade from
Africa and the emergence of the Atlantic economic order
Perbi, Akosua Adoma, A History of Indigenous
Slavery in Ghana from the 15th to the 19th Century, Sub-Saharan
Publishers, P O Box 358, Accra, Ghana. 2004 ISBN 9988-550-32-4
Edward, Stand the Storm, A History of the Atlantic Slave Trade, Allison and
Edward, Trade and Economic Changes in the Gold Coast 1807-1874, Longmans, 1974
Claire C., and Martin A Klein, Women and Slavery in Africa Univ. of
Winsconsin Press 1983
Walter A, History of the Upper Guinea Coast, OUP 1970
Walter, Gold and Slaves on the Gold Coast Trans Hist Soc Gha vol 10 1969
Theresa A, The Slave Trade Remembered On The Former Gold And Slave Coasts,
Slavery & Abolition 1999 20(1) 150-169
N, The Slave Trade and African Societies Tr Hist Soc Gh Vol XIV no 22 Dec 73 pp